While zero inflation, or the absence of price increases, may seem like a desirable goal for governments, it is not always pursued as a policy target. There are several reasons why some governments avoid targeting zero inflation.
One reason is that achieving zero inflation can be difficult in practice. Inflation is influenced by a variety of factors, such as changes in the money supply, economic growth, and consumer demand. It can be challenging for governments to accurately forecast and control these factors, making it difficult to maintain zero inflation over the long term.
Another reason is that zero inflation can have negative consequences for the economy. When prices remain stable or decrease, it can lead to deflation, which can discourage spending and investment. This can hurt businesses and lead to slower economic growth.
Additionally, some governments may see inflation as a useful tool for managing the economy. Inflation can help reduce the real value of government debt and encourage spending. This can be particularly useful during times of economic downturn, when governments may want to stimulate demand and growth.
In conclusion, while zero inflation may be a desirable goal in theory, it can be difficult to achieve and can have negative consequences for the economy. This is why some governments avoid targeting zero inflation as a policy goal.